I have experience in analysing local politics and the dynamics of property. In particular, I investigate how socio-legal conflicts over citizenship and land feed into state formation processes. Field experience is gained from Niger, Ghana, Burkina Faso, Mali, Senegal, Laos and Indonesia. I directed the ProCit research programme from 2012-16, and I am currently directing the ERC Advanced Grant funded Local State Programme (Rule and Rupture 2016-20,